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Keywords:

  • bladder;
  • transitional cell carcinoma;
  • proliferation fraction;
  • MIB-1;
  • prognosis;
  • progression;
  • recurrence;
  • survival

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Staging and grading of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder are generally viewed as indicators of prognosis and form the basis of therapy, but they do not predict outcome accurately. This study was designed to evaluate the value for predicting recurrence, progression, and survival of proliferation fraction in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder determined by immunostaining of histopathologic specimens with the monoclonal antigen MIB-1.

METHODS

In a prospectively followed group of 301 patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, formalin fixed tumor specimens were immunostained and the MIB-1 labeling index was determined. Crude survival, progression free survival, and recurrence free survival (for patients with Ta and T1 tumors) were assessed in univariate and multivariate analysis according to stage, grade, mitotic index of the tumor, and patient age. The median value of continuous variables was used as a cutoff point in statistical analysis.

RESULTS

In univariate analysis there was a strong association between all included factors and crude survival, progression free survival, and recurrence free survival with a median follow-up period of 60 months. In multivariate analysis, crude survival and progression free survival were determined by stage (P = 0.0001) and age (P = 0.0001). Recurrence free survival for patients with Ta and T1 tumors was determined by MIB-1 labeling index (P = 0.0317), mitotic index (P = 0.0229), and age (P = 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS

MIB-1 immunostaining in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder correlated well with grade, stage, and clinical outcome. In multivariate analysis, proliferation fraction had prognostic value in predicting recurrence free survival for patients with Ta and T1 tumors, whereas stage and age appeared to be predictors of progression free survival. Cancer 2000;88:2598–605. © 2000 American Cancer Society.