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Receipt of cancer screening procedures among Hispanic and non-Hispanic health maintenance organization members
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2001
Copyright © 2001 American Cancer Society
Supplement: 7th Biennial Symposium on Minorities, the Medically Underserved and Cancer
Volume 91, Issue Supplement 1, pages 257–261, 1 January 2001
How to Cite
Jacobs, E. A. and Lauderdale, D. S. (2001), Receipt of cancer screening procedures among Hispanic and non-Hispanic health maintenance organization members. Cancer, 91: 257–261. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142(20010101)91:1+<257::AID-CNCR15>3.0.CO;2-G
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2001
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 AUG 2000
- Manuscript Received: 1 APR 2000
- Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar Fellowship
- prevention and control;
- Hispanic Americans;
- health maintenance organization (HMO);
Hispanic Americans have been shown to receive fewer cancer screening procedures than nonminority populations. Although lack of insurance or a regular source of care appear to be important determinants, cultural factors also have been suggested. This study examines whether Hispanic patients receive cancer screening at the same rate as the non-Hispanic population when both groups have equivalent insurance and a regular source of care.
Receipt of five cancer screening procedures (mammography, Pap test, fecal occult blood testing, breast examination, and rectal examination) was determined for adult health maintenance organization (HMO) members who met appropriate age and gender criteria. Rates of receipt were compared for 2 cohorts over a 2-year period: Hispanic members identified by surname and a comparison group, a 10% random sample of the non-Spanish surnamed members. Only members with at least one HMO contact over the study period were included. Logistic regression was used to test whether being in the Hispanic group was associated with decreased likelihood of receiving the procedure at least once over the 2 years, adjusting for potential confounders.
Among the comparison group, a high proportion received each recommended procedure at least once (0.70–0.86). The proportions were very similar for the Hispanic group (0.67–0.84). None of the rates differed statistically for the two groups.
Hispanic HMO members received cancer screening at the same high rate as non-Hispanics, suggesting that insurance coverage and continuity of care are more important than cultural factors in determining rates of cancer screening receipt. Cancer 2001;91:257–61. © 2001 American Cancer Society.