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Keywords:

  • dietary restraint;
  • mood induction;
  • sadness;
  • bulimia nervosa

Abstract

Objective

We tested whether film-induced sadness enhances food intake in restrained eaters.

Method

Female participants scoring either high or low on a measure of dietary restraint viewed two film segments in counterbalanced order on successive days: an emotionally neutral travelogue and a sad film depicting the death of the young female protagonist.

Results

Contrast analyses revealed that film-induced sadness significantly reduced food intake in low-restraint individuals, but only nonsignificantly increased it in high-restraint individuals.

Discussion

When sadness is induced without an apparent ego threat, high-restraint participants may not exhibit as much disinhibited eating as when they are exposed to mood inductions that threaten their self-esteem. © 2000 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 28: 215–220, 2000.