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Keywords:

  • gender differences;
  • food cravings;
  • mood

Abstract

Obejective

The aim of this survey was to study food cravings and its indulgence in community adults (538 women and 506 men) and to compare nutritional parameters, weight preoccupations, and weight history between cravers and noncravers.

Method

Cravers experienced a strong urge to eat specific foods more than once a week during the past 6 months. Food intake was estimated by a 3-day food record.

Results

28% of women and 13% of men were food cravers. Cravers, especially women, were more frequently concerned about their weight than noncravers. Energy intake during snacks was higher in cravers. Less than 40% of cravers reported being hungry when they experienced cravings. Women cravers indulged their cravings as often as men. They reported more frequently negative feelings, whereas men reported more frequently positive feelings.

Discussion

This study shows that food craving episodes are strongly associated with mood but in a different way in women and men. © 2001 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 29: 195–204, 2001.