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Keywords:

  • repeated treatment;
  • Parkinson's disease;
  • L-dopa (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine);
  • turning behavior;
  • dyskinesia

Abstract

Several evidences indicate that the selective blockade of adenosine A2A receptors counteracts the motor activity impairment in experimental models of Parkinson's disease. In the present study, the effects of the adenosine A2A receptor antagonist, SCH 58261 (5-amino-7-(β-phenylethyl)-2-(8-furyl)pyrazolo(4,3-e)-1,2,4-triazolo(1,5-c)pyrimidine, were assessed following a repeated treatment schedule in the contralateral turning behavior rat model of Parkinson's disease. Unilateral lesions of the nigrostriatal pathway were induced by injecting 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in medial forebrain bundle. Repeated administration of SCH 58261 was performed either alone (7 and 14 days repeated SCH 58261) or together with L-dopa (19 days repeated SCH 58261 plus L-dopa or L-dopa alone). After a 7- and 14-day repeated administration schedule, SCH 58261 (5 mg/kg) maintained its ability to potentiate the contralateral turning behavior induced by a subthreshold dose of L-dopa (2 mg/kg i.p.), showing no tolerance to its stimulant effects. SCH 58261 (5 mg/kg) plus L-dopa (3 mg/kg) or L-dopa (6 mg/kg) alone induced, at these dosages, the same number of contralateral turnings after the first administration. While chronic intermittent SCH 58261 plus L-dopa did not lead to a modified turning behavior during treatment, L-dopa alone produced a progressive increase in turning behavior intensity and duration. These results provide evidence that SCH 58261 retains its ability to potentiate L-dopa effects in a validated rat model of Parkinson's disease even after repeated treatments. Moreover, these results suggest that adenosine A2A blockade prevents the appearance of motor response alterations in L-dopa-treated rats, supporting the concept that A2A receptor antagonists have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Synapse 39:233–238, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.