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Metal complexes with polymeric ligands: Chelation and metalloinitiation approaches to metal tris(bipyridine)-containing materials

Authors

  • Cassandra L. Fraser,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, McCormick Road, P.O. Box 400319, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4319
    • Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, McCormick Road, P.O. Box 400319, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4319
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  • Adam P. Smith

    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, McCormick Road, P.O. Box 400319, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4319
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Abstract

Synthetic approaches to metal complexes with polymeric ligands are described. The development of efficient methods for preparing simple bipyridine (bpy) derivatives and their corresponding metal complexes has facilitated their use as initiators and coupling agents in polymer syntheses. Ligand reagents were utilized as initiators in controlled polymerization reactions to form poly(2-R-2-oxazolines) (R = methyl, ethyl, phenyl, undecyl), polystyrenes, poly(methyl methacrylates) (PMMA)s, poly(ϵ-caprolactone)s, and poly(lactic acid)s with bipyridine chelates at the end or centers of the chains. Poly(ethylene glycol) macroligands were formed by a chain-coupling method. Detailed studies of reaction kinetics were performed to determine the scope and limitations of each reaction type with different catalysts and reaction conditions. These results are illustrated for bpyPMMAn (n = 1 or 2), which was prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization with a CuBr/1,4,4,7,7,10-hexamethyltriethylenetetraamine catalyst system. Results of the kinetics investigations performed with other ligands and metalloinitiators are summarized. Macroligands thus prepared were coordinated to a labile metal ion, Fe(II), with standard protocols. Ultraviolet–visible spectral data for selected Fe-centered polymers are provided that confirm the production of the targeted polymeric iron complex products. An inert metal, Ru(II), was used as a template for generating architectural diversity; polymeric complexes with one to six chains emanating from the central core, as well as different heteroarm star products, were prepared. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 38: 4704–4716, 2000

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