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Amino Acids

  1. Karlheinz Drauz1,
  2. Ian Grayson2,
  3. Axel Kleemann3,
  4. Hans-Peter Krimmer1,
  5. Wolfgang Leuchtenberger4,
  6. Christoph Weckbecker1

Published Online: 15 APR 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a02_057.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Drauz, K., Grayson, I., Kleemann, A., Krimmer, H.-P., Leuchtenberger, W. and Weckbecker, C. 2007. Amino Acids. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Degussa AG, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany

  2. 2

    Degussa, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

  3. 3

    Hanau, Germany

  4. 4

    Degussa AG, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2007

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction and History
2.Properties
2.1.Physical Properties and Structure
2.2.Chemical Properties
2.3.Important Amino Acids
2.3.1.Proteinogenic Amino Acids
2.3.2.Other Important Amino Acids
3.Industrial Production of Amino Acids
3.1.General Methods
3.2.Production of Specific Amino Acids
3.2.1.l-Alanine
3.2.2.l-Arginine
3.2.3.l-Aspartic Acid and Asparagine
3.2.4.l-Cystine and l-Cysteine
3.2.5.l-Glutamic Acid
3.2.6.l-Glutamine
3.2.7.l-Histidine
3.2.8.l-Hydroxyproline
3.2.9.l-Isoleucine
3.2.10.l-Leucine
3.2.11.l-Lysine
3.2.12.d,l-Methionine and l-Methionine
3.2.13.l-Phenylalanine
3.2.14.l-Proline
3.2.15.l-Serine
3.2.16.l-Threonine
3.2.17.l-Tryptophan
3.2.18.l-Tyrosine
3.2.19.l-Valine
4.Biochemical and Physiological Significance
5.Uses
5.1.Human Nutrition
5.1.1.Supplementation
5.1.2.Flavorings, Taste Enhancers, and Sweeteners
5.1.3.Other Uses in Foodstuff Technology
5.2.Animal Nutrition
5.3.Pharmaceuticals
5.3.1.Nutritive Agents
5.3.2.Therapeutic Agents
5.4.Cosmetics
5.5.Agrochemicals
5.5.1.Herbicides
5.5.2.Fungicides
5.5.3.Insecticides
5.5.4.Plant Growth Regulators
5.6.Industrial Uses
6.Chemical Analysis
7.Economic Significance
8.Toxicology