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Beer

  1. Hans Michael Eßlinger1,
  2. Ludwig Narziß2

Published Online: 15 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a03_421.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Eßlinger, H. M. and Narziß, L. 2009. Beer. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Freiberger Brauhaus GmbH, Freiberg/Sachsen, Germany

  2. 2

    Freising, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Raw Materials
2.1.Starch-Containing Raw Materials
2.1.1.Malting Barley
2.1.2.Malting Wheat
2.1.3.Unmalted Grains
2.1.4.Other Sources of Extract
2.2.Hops and Hop Products
2.2.1.Bitter Acids
2.2.2.Aroma Substances
2.2.3.Other Components
2.2.4.Processing of Hops and Hop Products
2.3.Brewing Water
2.3.1.Salts
2.3.2.Brewing-Water Treatment
2.4.Beer Yeasts
2.5.Auxiliary Materials and Brewing Aids
3.Production Technology
3.1.Malting
3.1.1.Steeping
3.1.2.Germination
3.1.3.Kilning
3.2.Technology of Wort Production
3.2.1.Grinding of the Malt
3.2.2.Mashing
3.2.3.Separation of Wort
3.2.4.Wort Boiling and Hopping
3.2.5.Wort Treatment
3.3.Bottom Fermentation
3.3.1.Fermentation
3.3.2.Maturation
3.3.3.Cold Storage
3.3.4.Filtration
3.3.5.Stabilization
3.3.6.Types of Bottom-Fermented Beers
3.4.Top Fermentation
3.5.Special Production Methods
3.5.1.Dietetic Beer
3.5.2.Nutrient Beer
3.5.3.Low-Alcohol Beer and Alcohol-Free Beer
3.5.4.Xan Wheat Beer
3.5.5.Gluten-Free Beer
3.5.6.High-Gravity Brewing
3.5.7.Beermix Beverages
3.6.Filling
3.7.Labeling and Declaration
3.8.Beer Dispensing
4.Properties and Quality
5.Analysis
5.1.Analysis of Raw Materials
5.1.1.Water
5.1.2.Malt
5.1.3.Hops and Hop Products
5.2.Brewhouse Control
5.3.Wort
5.4.Fermentation
5.5.Microbiological Process Monitoring
5.6.Beer
5.7.Legally Required Controls
6.Economic Importance
7.Physiology and Toxicology