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Benzylamine

  1. Lutz Heuer

Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a04_009.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Heuer, L. 2006. Benzylamine. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Physical Properties
2.Chemical Properties
3.Production
4.Quality Specifications and Analysis
5.Uses
6.Storage and Transportation
7.Ecology and Toxicology

Benzylamine (α-aminotoluene) [100-46-9] is an important industrially used amine, which is readily available by hydrogenation of benzonitrile or amination of benzaldehyde or benzyl chloride. It also occurs in nature and can be isolated from the leaves of Reseda media in small amounts. Benzylamine is a colorless liquid of ammonia-like odor, which is miscible with water in all proportion. It is used in the chemical industry as a starting material for other products or as a corrosion inhibitor. Benzylamine is listed in EINECS 202-854-1, TSCA, and MITI/MO and traded world-wide. It can be transported in steel drums and in high-density polyethylene (HDPE) containers.

Benzylamine is harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. It causes burns, especially when skin is exposed to benzylamine for prolonged periods. Because of the fast reaction of benzylamine and carbon dioxide, slightly leaking flanges or other seals are easily identified by the white solid formed.

Benzylamine is produced by Lanxess and other companies and is available in drums, IBC's (intermediate bulk containers), and in bulk.