Published Online: 15 JUL 2006
Copyright © 2002 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry
How to Cite
Heuer, L. 2006. Benzylamine. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2006
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|4.||Quality Specifications and Analysis|
|6.||Storage and Transportation|
|7.||Ecology and Toxicology|
Benzylamine (α-aminotoluene) [100-46-9] is an important industrially used amine, which is readily available by hydrogenation of benzonitrile or amination of benzaldehyde or benzyl chloride. It also occurs in nature and can be isolated from the leaves of Reseda media in small amounts. Benzylamine is a colorless liquid of ammonia-like odor, which is miscible with water in all proportion. It is used in the chemical industry as a starting material for other products or as a corrosion inhibitor. Benzylamine is listed in EINECS 202-854-1, TSCA, and MITI/MO and traded world-wide. It can be transported in steel drums and in high-density polyethylene (HDPE) containers.
Benzylamine is harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. It causes burns, especially when skin is exposed to benzylamine for prolonged periods. Because of the fast reaction of benzylamine and carbon dioxide, slightly leaking flanges or other seals are easily identified by the white solid formed.