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2-Butanone

  1. Detlef Hoell1,
  2. Thomas Mensing1,
  3. Rafael Roggenbuck1,
  4. Michael Sakuth1,
  5. Egbert Sperlich1,
  6. Thomas Urban1,
  7. Wilhelm Neier2,
  8. Guenter Strehlke2

Published Online: 15 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a04_475.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Hoell, D., Mensing, T., Roggenbuck, R., Sakuth, M., Sperlich, E., Urban, T., Neier, W. and Strehlke, G. 2009. 2-Butanone. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Sasol Solvents Germany GmbH, Moers, Germany

  2. 2

    Deutsche Texaco AG, Moers, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2009

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

2-Butanone is the second most important commercially produced ketone after acetone. It is produced primarily by dehydrogenation of 2-butanol. 2-Butanone is used as a solvent in paints and adhesives and shows increasing demand. As a low-boiling solvent with low viscosity, high solids concentration, and wide diluents' tolerance, 2-butanone has wide application in polymer industry, where it is considered as a strong competitor to ethyl acetate. In the chemical industry, 2-butanone can be used as an activator for oxidative reactions, as extractive agent, solvent, and as a chemical intermediate. In 2005, it was removed from the list of hazardous air pollutants.

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Production
4.1.Catalytic Dehydrogenation of sec-Butyl Alcohol (SBA) in the Gaseous Phase
4.2.MEK as a Byproduct of the Fischer-Tropsch Coal-to-Liquid Process
4.3.Liquid-Phase Oxidation of n-Butane
4.4.Oxidation of sec-Butylbenzene According to the Hock Phenol Synthesis
4.5.Direct Oxidation of n-Butenes (Hoechst-Wacker Process)
5.Quality, Storage, Transportation
6.Uses
7.Economic Aspects
8.Toxicology and Occupational Health
8.1.Occupational Exposure
8.2.Toxicokinetics and Metabolism
8.2.1.Absorption
8.2.1.1Oral Exposure
8.2.1.2.Inhalation Exposure
8.2.1.3.Dermal Exposure
8.2.2.Distribution
8.2.3.Metabolism
8.2.4.Elimination and Excretion
8.2.5.Mechanism of Action
8.2.6.Toxic Effects
8.2.6.1.Oral Exposure
8.2.6.2.Inhalation Exposure
8.2.6.3.Occupational Health
8.2.6.4.Regulations