Carbon, 1. General
Published Online: 15 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2002 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry
How to Cite
Jäger, H., Frohs, W., Collin, G., von Sturm, F., Vohler, O. and Nutsch, G. 2010. Carbon, 1. General. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 JAN 2010
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This keyword gives a short description of the element carbon and its allotropic forms diamond, graphite (the most important ones), chaoite and fullerenes. Information on the isotopic composition, the position in the periodic table, the atomic structure and mass, and the occurrence and abundance of carbon in the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere is provided. The molecular structures and properties of the carbon modifications are described briefly. The keyword ends with an overview of the history of discovery of the carbon allotropic forms, of charcoal, carbon black and carbon-derived fibers, and of their utilization by mankind.