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Carbon Dioxide

  1. Susan Topham

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a05_165

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Topham, S. 2000. Carbon Dioxide. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Imperial Chemical Industries, Agricultural Division, Billingham, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (30 MAY 2014)


The article contains sections titled:

2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Occurrence in Nature
4.4.1.Life Cycle
4.4.2.Radiocarbon Dating
5.Environmental Effects
6.1.Carbon Dioxide from Ammonia and Hydrogen Plants (Process Gas CO2)
6.1.1.Potassium Carbonate Process
6.1.2.Ethanolamine Process
6.2.Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gases
6.3.Carbon Dioxide from Fermentation
6.4.Carbon Dioxide from Carbonates
6.5.Carbon Dioxide from Natural Sources
7.Purification of Carbon Dioxide before Liquefaction
8.Liquefaction of Carbon Dioxide
9.Production of Dry Ice
10.Quality Specifications and Analysis
11.Commercial Forms, Storage, and Distribution
11.1.Solid Carbon Dioxide
11.2.Liquid Carbon Dioxide
12.1.Uses of Gaseous Carbon Dioxide
12.2.Uses of Solid Carbon Dioxide
12.3.Uses of Liquid Carbon Dioxide
12.3.1.Use as an Inert Environment
12.3.2.Promoting the Growth of Plants
12.3.3.Heat Transfer Medium in Nuclear Power Stations
12.3.5.Uses Based on the Solubility of Carbon Dioxide
12.3.6.Chemical Uses
12.3.7.Other Uses
13.Economic Aspects
14.Safety Precautions