Standard Article

Chloroacetic Acids

  1. Günter Koenig1,
  2. Elmar Lohmar2,
  3. Norbert Rupprich3

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a06_537.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Koenig, G., Lohmar, E. and Rupprich, N. 2011. Chloroacetic Acids. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Augsburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Köln, Germany

  3. 3

    Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Dortmund, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 OCT 2012)

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Chloroacetic Acid
2.1.Physical Properties
2.2.Chemical Properties
2.3.Production
2.3.1.Hydrolysis of Trichloroethylene
2.3.2.Chlorination of Acetic Acid
2.4.Quality Specifications
2.5.Uses
2.6.Derivatives
2.6.1.Sodium Chloroacetate
2.6.2.Chloroacetyl Chloride
2.6.3.Chloroacetic Acid Esters
2.6.4.Chloroacetamide
3.Dichloroacetic Acid
3.1.Physical Properties
3.2.Chemical Properties
3.3.Production
3.4.Quality Specifications
3.5.Uses
3.6.Derivatives
3.6.1.Dichloroacetyl Chloride
3.6.2.Dichloroacetic Acid Esters
4.Trichloroacetic Acid
4.1.Physical Properties
4.2.Chemical Properties
4.3.Production
4.4.Quality Specifications
4.5.Uses
4.6.Derivatives
4.6.1.Trichloroacetyl Chloride
4.6.2.Trichloroacetic Acid Esters
4.6.3.Trichloroacetic Acid Salts
5.Environmental Protection
6.Chemical Analysis
7.Containment Materials, Storage, and Transportation
8.Economic Aspects
9.Toxicology and Occupational Health