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Chloroacetic Acids

  1. Günter Koenig1,
  2. Elmar Lohmar2,
  3. Norbert Rupprich3,
  4. Martin Lison4,
  5. Alexander Gnass5

Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a06_537.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Koenig, G., Lohmar, E., Rupprich, N., Lison, M. and Gnass, A. 2012. Chloroacetic Acids. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Augsburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft, Köln, Germany

  3. 3

    Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Dortmund, Germany

  4. 4

    CABB GmbH, Sulzbach, Germany

  5. 5

    CABB GmbH, Gersthofen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Chloroacetic Acid
2.1.Physical Properties
2.2.Chemical Properties
2.3.Production
2.3.1.Hydrolysis of Trichloroethylene
2.3.2.Chlorination of Acetic Acid
2.4.Quality Specifications
2.5.Uses
2.6.Derivatives
2.6.1.Sodium Chloroacetate
2.6.2.Chloroacetyl Chloride
2.6.3.Chloroacetic Acid Esters
2.6.4.Chloroacetamide
3.Dichloroacetic Acid
3.1.Physical Properties
3.2.Chemical Properties
3.3.Production
3.4.Quality Specifications
3.5.Uses
3.6.Derivatives
3.6.1.Dichloroacetyl Chloride
3.6.2.Dichloroacetic Acid Esters
4.Trichloroacetic Acid
4.1.Physical Properties
4.2.Chemical Properties
4.3.Production
4.4.Quality Specifications
4.5.Uses
4.6.Derivatives
4.6.1.Trichloroacetyl Chloride
4.6.2.Trichloroacetic Acid Esters
4.6.3.Trichloroacetic Acid Salts
5.Environmental Protection
6.Chemical Analysis
7.Containment Materials, Storage, and Transportation
8.Economic Aspects
9.Toxicology and Occupational Health