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Citric Acid

  1. Frank H. Verhoff

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a07_103.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Verhoff, F. H. 2011. Citric Acid. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Miles Laboratories, Elkhart, Indiana 46515, United States

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Production
4.1.Laboratory Synthesis
4.2.Early Production
4.3.Fermentation
4.3.1.Surface Fermentation
4.3.2.Submerged Fermentation
4.3.3.Other Fermentation Methods
4.4.Recovery
5.Quality Specifications and Uses
6.Economic Aspects