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  1. Do Won Hahn1,
  2. John L. McGuire2,
  3. Joachim Kuhnke3

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a07_461.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Hahn, D. W., McGuire, J. L. and Kuhnke, J. 2011. Contraception. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    R. W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Raritan, United States

  2. 2

    Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, United States

  3. 3

    Bayer HealthCare, Global Drug Discovery, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011


The article contains sections titled:

2.Natural Methods
2.1.Periodic Methods
2.2.Breast Feeding
3.Barrier Methods
3.1.Chemical Vaginal Contraceptives
3.2.Physical Barriers
4.Hormonal Methods
4.1.The Menstrual Cycle
4.1.1.The Regulatory System
4.1.2.Hormonal Effects on the Endometrium
4.1.3.Hormonal Effects on the Cervix
4.1.4.How Hormonal Contraceptives Work
4.2.Historical Survey on Hormonal Contraception and Combined Oral Contraceptives
4.2.1.The Estrogenic Component
4.2.2.The Progestogenic Component
4.2.3.New Regimen for Oral Contraceptives
4.3.Progestogen-Only Oral Contraceptives
4.4.Long-Acting Contraceptives – Drug Delivery Systems
4.5.Emergency Contraception
4.6.Benefits and Risks of Hormonal Contra-ception
4.6.1.Cardiovascular Risks
5.Intrauterine Contraception
5.1.Intrauterine Device (IUD)
5.2.Intrauterine System (IUS)
6.1.Male Sterilization (Vasectomy)
6.2.Female Sterilization
7.New Approaches
7.1.Hormonal Research
7.2.Nonhormonal Research
7.3.Contraceptive Vaccines
7.4.Male Fertility Control
7.4.1.Nonhormonal Research
7.4.2.Hormonal Research