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Laundry Detergents, 1. Introduction

  1. Eduard Smulders,
  2. Wolfgang von Rybinski,
  3. Anette Nordskog

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a08_315.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Smulders, E., von Rybinski, W. and Nordskog, A. 2011. Laundry Detergents, 1. Introduction. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Henkel KGaA, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Historical Review
2.Physical Chemistry of the Washing Process
2.1.Introduction to the Washing Process
2.2.Components
2.2.1.Substrates
2.2.2.Washing Liquid/Water
2.2.3.Soils
2.3.Wetting/Adsorption on Surfaces
2.3.1.Wetting
2.3.2.Drainage
2.3.3.Adsorption Layer
2.4.Soil Removal and Stabilization
2.4.1.Builders
2.4.1.1.Overview on Builder Systems
2.4.1.2.Precipitation Builders
2.4.1.3.Complexing Agents
2.4.1.4.Ion Exchangers
2.4.1.5.Cobuilders
2.4.1.6.Soluble Builders
2.4.2.Oily Soil
2.4.3.Particulate Soil
2.4.4.Chemical Reactions
2.4.4.1.Bleachable Stains
2.4.4.2.Enzymatic Soil Removal
2.4.5.Soil-Repelling Effects
2.5.Formulation
2.5.1.Foam
2.5.2.Microemulsion
2.5.3.Phase Stability
2.5.4.Softeners
2.6.Concluding Remarks