Standard Article

Ethylene

  1. Heinz Zimmermann,
  2. Roland Walzl

Published Online: 15 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a10_045.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Zimmermann, H. and Walzl, R. 2009. Ethylene. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. Linde Engineering Division, Pullach, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Raw Materials
5.Production
5.1.Ethylene from Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons
5.1.1.Cracking Conditions
5.1.2.Heat Requirements for Hydrocarbon Pyrolysis
5.1.3.Commercial Cracking Yields
5.1.4.Commercial Cracking Furnaces
5.1.5.Tube Metallurgy
5.1.6.Thermal Efficiency of Ethylene Furnaces
5.1.7.Coking and Decoking of Furnaces and Quench Coolers
5.2.Quenching of Hot Cracked Gas
5.3.Recovery Section
5.3.1.Products
5.3.2.Cracked Gas Processing
5.3.2.1.Front-End Section
5.3.2.2.Hydrocarbon Fractionation Section
5.3.3.Utilities
5.3.4.Process Advances
5.3.5.Plant Size
5.4.Ethanol based Production of Ethylene
5.4.1.Chemistry of Dehydration
5.4.2.Bioethanol as Intermediate to Ethylene
5.4.2.1.First- and Second-Generation Bioethanol
5.4.2.2.Raw-Material Costs
5.4.3.Production of Ethylene by Dehydration
5.4.4.Environmental Issues
5.4.5.Future Outlook
5.5.Other Processes and Feedstocks
6.Environmental Protection
7.Quality Specifications
8.Chemical Analysis
9.Storage and Transportation
10.Uses and Economic Aspects
11.Toxicology and Occupational Health