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Fertilizers, 1. General

  1. Heinrich W. Scherer1,
  2. Konrad Mengel2,
  3. Günter Kluge3,
  4. Karl Severin4

Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a10_323.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Scherer, H. W., Mengel, K., Kluge, G. and Severin, K. 2009. Fertilizers, 1. General. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universität Bonn, Agrikulturchemisches Institut, Bonn, Germany

  2. 2

    Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, Institute for Plant Nutrition, Giessen, Germany

  3. 3

    Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten, Bonn, Germany

  4. 4

    Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Hannover, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2009

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
2.1.Plant Nutrients
2.1.1.Definition and Classification
2.1.2.Function of Plant Nutrients
2.2.Soil Science
2.2.1.Soil Classes, Soil Types, and Parent Material
2.2.2.Nutrient Retention in Soils
2.2.3.Soil pH, Buffer Power, and Liming
2.2.4.Soil Water–Plant Relationships
2.2.5.Organic Matter of Soils and Nitrogen Turnover
2.3.Nutrient Availability
2.3.1.Factors and Processes
2.3.2.Determination of Available Plant Nutrients in Soils
2.4.Physiology of Plant Nutrition
2.4.1.Nutrient Uptake and Long-Distance Transport in Plants
2.4.2.Effect of Nutrition on Growth, Yield, and Quality
2.5.Nutrient Balance
2.5.1.Gains and Losses of Plant Nutrients
2.5.2.Alternative Plant Nutrition
3.Legal Aspects

Fertilizers are products that improve the levels of available plant nutrients and/or the chemical and physical properties of soil. An overview is given over the chemical and physical aspects of plant nutrition uptake and soil properties. The different categories of fertilizers are discussed, and special interest is given on production processes and analyses, including storage and transportation as well as environmental, legal, and economic aspects.