Standard Article

Fibers, 3. General Production Technology

  1. Werner Stibal1,
  2. Raimund Schwarz2,
  3. Ulrich Kemp3,
  4. Klaus Bender4,
  5. Friedrich Weger5,
  6. Manfred Stein6

Published Online: 15 SEP 2001

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a10_511

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Stibal, W., Schwarz, R., Kemp, U., Bender, K., Weger, F. and Stein, M. 2001. Fibers, 3. General Production Technology. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    EMS Inventa-Fischer AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland

  2. 2

    EMS Inventa-Fischer AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland

  3. 3

    EMS Inventa-Fischer AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland

  4. 4

    EMS Inventa-Fischer AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland

  5. 5

    EMS Inventa-Fischer GmbH, Berlin, Germany

  6. 6

    EMS Inventa-Fischer AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2001

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Theory and Mechanisms of Fiber Production
2.1.Spinning
2.1.1.General Description
2.1.2.Theory and Mechanism of Spinning
2.1.2.1.Spinnability of Fluids
2.1.2.2.Flow Processes in Spinning
2.1.3.Melt Spinning
2.1.4.Solution Spinning
2.1.4.1.Dry Spinning
2.1.4.2.Wet Spinning
2.2.Drawing
2.2.1.Elongation Properties of As-Spun Yarns
2.2.2.Mechanism of Cold Drawing
2.2.3.The Drawing Process
2.2.4.Draw Ratio and Tensile Strength
2.2.5.Ultrahigh-Strength Synthetic Yarns
2.3.Crimping
2.3.1.General Description
2.3.2.Crimping Processes
2.3.2.1.Spontaneous Crimping
2.3.2.2.Deformation Crimping
2.3.2.3.Bicomponent Crimping
2.3.3.Crimping of Staple Fibers and Filament Yarns
2.4.Heat-Setting
2.4.1.Purpose
2.4.2.Mechanism
2.4.3.Shape Retention and Molecular Memory
3.Manufacture of Filament Yarns
3.1.Melt Spinning of Filament Yarns
3.1.1.General Aspects
3.1.2.Conventional Spinning
3.1.3.High-Speed Spinning
3.1.4.Superhigh-Speed Spinning
3.1.5.Draw Twisting and Draw Winding
3.1.6.Draw Warping
3.1.7.Horizontal Drawing
3.1.8.Spin Drawing
3.2.Solution Spinning of Filament Yarns
3.2.1.Dry Spinning
3.2.2.Wet Spinning
3.3.Texturing of Filament Yarns
3.3.1.Development of Texturing Processes
3.3.2.False-Twist Texturing
3.3.3.Air-Jet Texturing
3.3.4.Stuffer Box Texturing
3.3.5.Bistructural Texturing
4.Manufacture of Tow and Staple Fibers
4.1.Fiber Spinning
4.1.1.Melt Spinning
4.1.1.1.Conventional Process
4.1.1.2.Compact Process
4.1.1.3.Continuous One-Step Process
4.1.2.Wet Spinning
4.1.3.Dry Spinning
4.2.Posttreatment of Tow and Staple Fibers
4.2.1.Drawing of Tow
4.2.2.Washing and Finishing
4.2.3.Drying and Heat-Setting
4.2.4.Crimping
4.2.5.Cutting
4.2.6.Packaging
5.Manufacture of Monofilaments
6.Process Technologies for Spunbonded Nonwovens
7.Economic Aspects