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Flavors and Fragrances

  1. Karl-Georg Fahlbusch1,
  2. Franz-Josef Hammerschmidt1,
  3. Johannes Panten1,
  4. Wilhelm Pickenhagen1,
  5. Dietmar Schatkowski1,
  6. Kurt Bauer3,
  7. Dorothea Garbe3,
  8. Horst Surburg3

Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a11_141

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Fahlbusch, K.-G., Hammerschmidt, F.-J., Panten, J., Pickenhagen, W., Schatkowski, D., Bauer, K., Garbe, D. and Surburg, H. 2003. Flavors and Fragrances. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    DRAGOCO Gerberding & Co. Aktiengesellschaft, Corporate Research Division, Holzminden, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 3

    Haarmann & Reimer GmbH, Holzminden, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2003

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
1.1.The Chemical Senses
1.2.Definition
1.3.History
1.4.Odor Descriptors, Odor Thresholds, Odor Value
1.4.1.Qualitative Measurements
1.4.2.Quantitative Measurements
1.4.2.1.Odor Threshold
1.4.2.2.Odor Value
1.5.Regulations and Labeling Requirements
1.5.1.Flavors
1.5.2.Fragrances
2.Single Fragrance and Flavor Compounds
2.1.Aliphatic Compounds
2.1.1.Hydrocarbons
2.1.2.Alcohols
2.1.3.Aldehydes and Acetals
2.1.4.Ketones
2.1.5.Acids and Esters
2.1.6.Miscellaneous Compounds
2.2.Acyclic Terpenes
2.2.1.Hydrocarbons
2.2.2.Alcohols
2.2.3.Aldehydes and Acetals
2.2.4.Ketones
2.2.5.Acids and Esters
2.2.5.1.Geranyl and Neryl Esters
2.2.5.2.Linalyl and Lavandulyl Esters
2.2.5.3.Citronellyl Esters
2.2.6.Miscellaneous Compounds
2.3.Cyclic Terpenes
2.3.1.Hydrocarbons
2.3.2.Alcohols and Ethers
2.3.3.Aldehydes and Ketones
2.3.4.Esters
2.3.5.Miscellaneous Compounds
2.4.Other Cycloaliphatic Compounds
2.4.1.Alcohols
2.4.2.Aldehydes
2.4.3.Ketones
2.4.4.Esters
2.5.Aromatic Compounds
2.5.1.Hydrocarbons
2.5.2.Alcohols and Ethers
2.5.3.Aldehydes and Acetals
2.5.4.Ketones
2.5.5.Esters of Araliphatic Alcohols and Aliphatic Acids
2.5.6.Aromatic Acids
2.5.7.Esters Derived from Aromatic and Araliphatic Acids
2.5.7.1.Benzoates
2.5.7.2.Phenyl acetates
2.5.7.3.Cinnamates
2.5.8.Miscellaneous Compounds
2.6.Phenols and Phenol Derivatives
2.6.1.Phenols, Phenyl Esters, and Phenyl Ethers
2.6.2.Phenol Alcohols and their Esters
2.6.3.Phenol Aldehydes
2.6.4.Phenol Ketones
2.6.5.Phenol Carboxylates
2.7.O- and O, S-Heterocycles
2.7.1.Cyclic Ethers
2.7.2.Lactones
2.7.3.Glycidates
2.7.4.Miscellaneous Compounds
2.8.N- and N, S-Heterocycles
3.Natural Raw Materials in the Flavor and Fragrance Industry
3.1.Introduction
3.2.Isolation of Natural Fragrance and Flavor Concentrates
3.2.1.Essential Oils
3.2.2.Extracts
3.3.Survey of Natural Raw Materials
4.Quality Control
5.Economic Aspects
6.Toxicology and Environmental Aspects

Featured Compounds

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  1. 1 - 43
Compound 33
Molecular Weight:198.2158
Molecular Formula:C10H14O4
InChIKey:GFNOFMNCSZAQSM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 11
Molecular Weight:134.2182
Molecular Formula:C10H14
InChIKey:ZBTWAOFUZWMKKP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 9
Molecular Weight:210.3126
Molecular Formula:C13H22O2
InChIKey:ORMHZBNNECIKOH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 12
Molecular Weight:174.282
Molecular Formula:C13H18
InChIKey:PASPHLFXOZVVRU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 21
Molecular Weight:236.3929
Molecular Formula:C16H28O
InChIKey:MHRGVXURTWTWEO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 8
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 42
Molecular Weight:222.3663
Molecular Formula:C15H26O
InChIKey:VJRVVBJENDJBLJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 19
Molecular Weight:182.3025
Molecular Formula:C12H22O
InChIKey:SXVPOSFURRDKBO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 6
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 44
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:(CH2)nC4H4O4
InChIKey:MCAQRGZZZZQSJH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 30
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 3
Molecular Weight:210.3556
Molecular Formula:C14H26O
InChIKey:NGYMOTOXXHCHOC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 28
Molecular Weight:206.2808
Molecular Formula:C13H18O2
InChIKey:VGZYPESIPJKGIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 10
Molecular Weight:152.2334
Molecular Formula:C10H16O
InChIKey:YWTIDNZYLFTNQQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 20
Molecular Weight:216.748
Molecular Formula:C12H21ClO
InChIKey:VDNDILHUSVTMNI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 7
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 34
Molecular Weight:236.3929
Molecular Formula:C16H28O
InChIKey:YPZUZOLGGMJZJO-GMEATFMZSA-N
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Compound 4
Molecular Weight:210.3556
Molecular Formula:C14H26O
InChIKey:QOACIWOGFMXQRO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 27
Molecular Weight:226.312
Molecular Formula:C13H22O3
InChIKey:IPWBXORAIBJDDQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 39
Molecular Weight:220.3505
Molecular Formula:C15H24O
InChIKey:VQHLGZRKOZIABH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 23
Molecular Weight:152.2334
Molecular Formula:C10H16O
InChIKey:ILHZVKAXFCDFMT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 24
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 18
Molecular Weight:206.3239
Molecular Formula:C14H22O
InChIKey:MIZGSAALSYARKU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 5
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 29
Molecular Weight:188.2655
Molecular Formula:C13H16O
InChIKey:YCAMGBSPHGCQDC-DHZHZOJOSA-N
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Compound 25
Molecular Weight:212.2854
Molecular Formula:C12H20O3
InChIKey:PQEYTAGBXNEUQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 40
Molecular Weight:220.3505
Molecular Formula:C15H24O
InChIKey:VCOCESNMLNDPLX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 1
Molecular Weight:198.3019
Molecular Formula:C12H22O2
InChIKey:PXLKJWMSFPYVNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 14
Molecular Weight:192.2973
Molecular Formula:C13H20O
InChIKey:IOFYRNMXFRRJPS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 41
Molecular Weight:240.3816
Molecular Formula:C15H28O2
InChIKey:WPUUQDHXECKYPM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 15
Molecular Weight:192.2973
Molecular Formula:C13H20O
InChIKey:OEVIJAZJVZDBQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 17
Molecular Weight:192.3404
Molecular Formula:C14H24
InChIKey:CDEGOUYLXTUDAU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 38
Molecular Weight:204.3511
Molecular Formula:C15H24
InChIKey:CQUAYTJDLQBXCQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 36
Molecular Weight:264.403
Molecular Formula:C17H28O2
InChIKey:RTPMDRYHLHGFGT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 31
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 16
Molecular Weight:188.3086
Molecular Formula:C14H20
InChIKey:ZCMKNGQFIXAHLP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 37
Molecular Weight:218.3776
Molecular Formula:C16H26
InChIKey:JKOXDDBVGZRCLN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 22
Molecular Weight:234.377
Molecular Formula:C16H26O
InChIKey:FVUGZKDGWGKCFE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 13
Molecular Weight:173.2741
Molecular Formula:C13H17
InChIKey:ZURZJHWGTJWJLL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 43
Molecular Weight:256.381
Molecular Formula:C15H28O3
InChIKey:QJOTXZRMMLQXTG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 35
Molecular Weight:258.3984
Molecular Formula:C18H26O
InChIKey:ONKNPOPIGWHAQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:198.3019
Molecular Formula:C12H22O2
InChIKey:HBNHCGDYYBMKJN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 32
Molecular Weight:Not Available
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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VIEW

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