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Formic Acid

  1. Werner Reutemann1,
  2. Heinz Kieczka2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a12_013.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Reutemann, W. and Kieczka, H. 2011. Formic Acid. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Ludwigshafen, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Ludwigshafen, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Production
4.1.Methyl Formate Hydrolysis
4.1.1.Kemira - Leonard Process
4.1.2.BASF Process
4.1.3.USSR Process
4.1.4.Scientific Design - Bethlehem Steel Process
4.2.Other Processes
4.2.1.Oxidation of Hydrocarbons
4.2.2.Hydrolysis of Formamide
4.2.3.Production of Formic Acid from Formates
4.2.4.Direct Synthesis from Carbon Monoxide and Water
4.2.5.Use of Carbon Dioxide
4.3.Concentration of Formic Acid
4.4.Construction Materials
5.Environmental Protection
6.Quality Specifications
7.Chemical Analysis
8.Storage and Transportation
9.Legal Aspects
10.Uses
11.Economic Aspects
12.Derivatives
12.1.Esters
12.1.1.Methyl Formate
12.1.2.Ethyl Formate
12.1.3.Isobutyl Formate
12.1.4.Miscellaneous Esters
12.2.Salts
12.2.1.Alkali-Metal and Alkaline-Earth Metal Formates
12.2.2.Ammonium Formate
12.2.3.Aluminum Formate
12.2.4.Nickel Formate
12.2.5.Copper Formate
13.Toxicology and Occupational Health