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Fuel Cells

  1. Angelika Heinzel1,
  2. Marcella Cappadonia2,
  3. Ulrich Stimming2,
  4. Karl V. Kordesch3,
  5. Julio Cesar Tambasco de Oliveira3

Published Online: 15 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a12_055.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Heinzel, A., Cappadonia, M., Stimming, U., Kordesch, K. V. and de Oliveira, J. C. T. 2010. Fuel Cells. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universität Duisburg-Essen, Energy Technology, Duisburg, Germany

  2. 2

    Technische Universität München, Physics Department, Garching, Germany

  3. 3

    Technische Universität Graz, Graz, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2010

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Principles of Fuel Cells
2.1.Functions
2.2.Setup
2.3.Efficiency
2.4.History and Development
3.Classification of Fuel Cell Systems
3.1.Low Temperature Fuel Cells
3.1.1.Alkaline Fuel Cells (AFC)
3.1.2.Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC)
3.1.3.Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC)
3.2.Intermediate Temperature Fuel Cells
3.3.High Temperature Fuel Cells
3.3.1.Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC)
3.3.2.Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)
4.Examples of Application of Fuel Cells
4.1.Zero Emission Vehicle
4.2.Combined Heat and Power Plants
4.3.Residential Fuel Cells
4.4.Early Market Applications
4.5.Regenerative Systems