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Fungicides, Agricultural, 1. Fundamentals

  1. Franz Müller1,
  2. Peter Ackermann2,
  3. Paul Margot2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a12_085.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Müller, F., Ackermann, P. and Margot, P. 2011. Fungicides, Agricultural, 1. Fundamentals. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    (formerly Novartis Crop Protection AG), Hergiswil, Switzerland

  2. 2

    Syngenta AG, Basel, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011


In the current version of this article the introduction has been expanded by providing a brief historical overview on fungicides and the modern requirements for fungicides to be admitted to the market. The taxonomy of fungi, in the light of recent scientific progress, is discussed briefly, and the main properties of fungi are described in some detail. Special attention is paid to the classification of phytopathogenic fungi and their major representatives relevant to agriculture. The physical and chemical properties of the individual fungicides are complemented with additional data (density, vapor pressure, stability in the environment, etc.). In the toxicology chapter ecological properties of the compounds have been added so that conclusions about the profiles of the fungicides can be made.

2Phytopathogenic Fungi
2.1Biology of Fungi
2.2Classification of Fungi
2.3Mode of Action
2.4Crop Losses
3Types of Fungicide and Mechanism of Action
4.Methods of Fungicide Application
4.1.Seed Treatment
4.2.Foliage and Fruit Sprays
4.3.Soil Treatment
4.4.Trunk Injections
4.5.Post-harvest Treatment
5.Fungicide Resistance
6.Economic Aspects