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Furfural and Derivatives

  1. H. E. Hoydonckx1,
  2. W. M. Van Rhijn1,
  3. W. Van Rhijn1,
  4. D. E. De Vos2,
  5. P. A. Jacobs2

Published Online: 15 APR 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a12_119.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Hoydonckx, H. E., Van Rhijn, W. M., Van Rhijn, W., De Vos, D. E. and Jacobs, P. A. 2007. Furfural and Derivatives. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    TransFurans Chemicals b.v.b.a, Belgium

  2. 2

    Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, KULeuven, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2007

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Furfural
2.1.Properties
2.1.1.Physical Properties
2.1.2.Chemical Properties
2.2.Resources and Raw Materials
2.3.Production
2.3.1.Chemistry of Furfural Production
2.3.2.Production of Furfural
2.4.Uses and Economic Aspects
2.5.Quality Specifications, Transportation, Toxicology
3.Furfuryl Alcohol
3.1.Properties
3.1.1.Physical Properties
3.1.2.Chemical Properties
3.2.Resources and Raw Materials
3.3.Production
3.4.Uses and Economic Aspects
3.5.Quality Specifications, Transportation, Toxicology
4.Furan
4.1.Properties
4.2.Production
4.3.Uses, Economic Aspects, Transportation, Toxicology
5.Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol
5.1.Properties
5.2Production
5.3Uses, Economic Aspects, Transportation, Toxicology
6.Furfurylamine and Tetrahydrofurfurylamine
7.Methylfuran and Methyltetrahydrofuran
8.Furoic acid
  
  
  

This article discusses the properties, production, and industrial uses of furfural and compounds derived from furfural on a commercial basis. The only commercial route to furfural is acid-catalyzed digestion of pentosan sugars in biomass. Nowadays, furfural is the sole precursor for all compounds containing a furyl, furfuryl, furoyl, or furfurylidene radical in the chemical industry.

original image

Detailed information is given on the production, properties, and economical aspects of furfural [98-01-1] and furfuryl alcohol [98-00-0], and the most important specialty chemicals derived from furfural and furfuryl alcohol are summarized: furan [110-00-9], tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol [97-99-4], 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran [110-87-2], furfurylamine [617-89-0], tetrahydrofurfurylamine [4795-29-3], 2-methylfuran [534-22-5], 2-methyltetrahydrofuran [96-47-9], and furoic acid [88-14-2].

Featured Compounds

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  1. 1 - 16
Compound 14
Molecular Weight:177.1998
Molecular Formula:C10H11NO2
InChIKey:LGTHRBXRBOVOKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 3
Molecular Weight:150.1299
Molecular Formula:C5H10O5
InChIKey:PYMYPHUHKUWMLA-VAYJURFESA-N
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Compound 7
Molecular Weight:150.1299
Molecular Formula:C5H10O5
InChIKey:PYMYPHUHKUWMLA-UOWFLXDJSA-N
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Compound 11
Molecular Weight:270.2369
Molecular Formula:C15H10O5
InChIKey:NVLKBOKNBAYBPU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 10
Molecular Weight:190.1522
Molecular Formula:C10H6O4
InChIKey:LSRHWIIERHQROD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 8
Molecular Weight:132.1146
Molecular Formula:C5H8O4
InChIKey:HRBDUABQPIXAJC-DEDQZNCWSA-N
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Compound 1
Molecular Weight:702.6098
Molecular Formula:Not Available
InChIKey:Not Available
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Compound 15
Molecular Weight:97.1152
Molecular Formula:C5H7NO
InChIKey:DDRPCXLAQZKBJP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 13
Molecular Weight:268.2674
Molecular Formula:C15H12N2O3
InChIKey:CYGDSXFTXXFMNI-OTYYAQKOSA-N
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Compound 4
Molecular Weight:150.1299
Molecular Formula:C5H10O5
InChIKey:SRBFZHDQGSBBOR-KKQCNMDGSA-N
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Compound 17
Molecular Weight:101.1469
Molecular Formula:C5H11NO
InChIKey:YNOGYQAEJGADFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 9
Molecular Weight:114.0993
Molecular Formula:C5H6O3
InChIKey:SJPFTMQNLJCAHE-UPHRSURJSA-N
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Compound 6
Molecular Weight:60.052
Molecular Formula:C2H4O2
InChIKey:QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 16
Molecular Weight:268.2674
Molecular Formula:C15H12N2O3
InChIKey:VWGVUCWHPBULRD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:150.1299
Molecular Formula:C5H10O5
InChIKey:HMFHBZSHGGEWLO-QMKXCQHVSA-N
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Compound 5
Molecular Weight:150.1299
Molecular Formula:C5H10O5
InChIKey:PYMYPHUHKUWMLA-VPENINKCSA-N
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