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Hafnium and Hafnium Compounds

  1. Ralph H. Nielsen1,
  2. Gerhard Wilfing2

Published Online: 15 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a12_559.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Nielsen, R. H. and Wilfing, G. 2010. Hafnium and Hafnium Compounds. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Teledyne Wah Chang Albany, Albany, United States

  2. 2

    Chemetall GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2010

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Physical Properties
3.Chemical Properties
4.Occurrence and Raw Materials
5.Production
5.1.Ore Cracking
5.2.Separation of Zirconium
5.3.Winning of Metallic Hafnium
5.4.Refining
6.Environmental Protection
7.Quality Specifications
8.Analysis
9.Storage and Transportation
10.Uses
11.Economic Aspects
12.Hafnium Compounds
12.1.Hafnium Borides
12.2.Hafnium Tetrahydroborate
12.3.Hafnium Carbide
12.4.Hafnium Halides
12.5.Hafnium Hydride
12.6.Hafnium Nitride
12.7.Hafnium Dioxide
12.8.Other Derivatives
13.Toxicology and Occupational Health