Standard Article

Lignin

  1. Bodo Saake,
  2. Ralph Lehnen

Published Online: 15 JUL 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a15_305.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Saake, B. and Lehnen, R. 2007. Lignin. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Institut für Holzchemie, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Forst- und Holzwirtschaft, Hamburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2007

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Occurrence and Functions
2.Structure and Biosynthesis
3.Physical Properties
4.Chemical Properties
4.1.Kraft Pulping
4.2.Sulfite Pulping
4.3.Other Pulping Processes
4.4.Pulp Bleaching
4.5.Yellowing Reactions
5.Commercial Lignins
6.Analysis
6.1.Detection and Quantification
6.2.Isolation
6.3.Spectroscopic Methods
6.4.Degradation Methods
6.5.Molar Mass Determination
7.Uses
8.Toxicology