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Liquid Crystals for Display Application

  1. Christian Jasper1,
  2. Ian Sage2

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a15_359.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Jasper, C. and Sage, I. 2013. Liquid Crystals for Display Application. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

  2. 2

    formerly BDH Ltd., Poole, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Classification and Nomenclature of Liquid Crystal Phases
3.Thermotropic Calamitic Phases
3.1.Thermotropic Liquid Crystal Polymorphism
3.2.Structure – Phase Relationships
4.The Nematic Phase
4.1.Theoretical Approach
4.2.Physical Properties of Nematic Liquid Crystals
4.2.1.Refractive Indices
4.2.2.Dielectric Constants
4.2.3.Diamagnetic Constants
4.2.4.Elastic Constants
4.2.5.Light Scattering
4.2.6.Viscosities
4.2.7.Surface Alignment
5.Display Technologies
5.1.The Fréedericksz Transition
5.2.Passive Matrix (PM) and Active Matrix (AM) Technology
5.3.Twisted Nematic (TN) and Super Twisted Nematic (STN) Displays
5.4.Surface-Stabilized Cholesteric Texture (SSCT) Displays
5.5.Twisted Nematic - Thin Film Transistor (TN-TFT) Displays
5.6.Vertical Alignment (VA)-TFT Displays
5.7.In-Plane Switching (IPS)-TFT Displays
5.8.Technology Overview
6.Requirements, Design, and Chemistry of Nematic LC Materials for Display Application
6.1.Material Requirements
6.2.Material Design
6.2.1.Building Blocks
6.2.2.Superfluorinated Materials (SFM)
6.2.3.Lead Structures
6.3.Chemistry of Materials
6.3.1.Basic Strategies
6.3.2.Liquid Crystals with Two Ring Elements
6.3.3.Liquid Crystals with Three Ring Elements
6.3.4.Liquid Crystals with Four Ring Elements
6.3.5.Chiral Dopants
6.3.6.Reactive Mesogens (RMs)
6.4.Miscellaneous Materials
7.[CAS] Registry
8.Legal Aspects and Environmental Protection
9.Toxicology
10.Summary and Outlook
11.Acknowledgements