Standard Article

Metals, Surface Treatment

  1. Helmut Kunst1,
  2. Brigitte Haase2,
  3. James C. Malloy3,
  4. Klaus Wittel4,
  5. Montia C. Nestler5,
  6. Andrew R. Nicoll6,
  7. Ulrich Erning7,
  8. Gerhard Rauscher8

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a16_403.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Kunst, H., Haase, B., Malloy, J. C., Wittel, K., Nestler, M. C., Nicoll, A. R., Erning, U. and Rauscher, G. 2006. Metals, Surface Treatment. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Consultant Engineer, Osterholz-Scharmbeck, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Hochschule Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany

  3. 3

    Kolene Corporation, Detroit, Michigan, United States

  4. 4

    Chemetall GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Federal Republic of Germany

  5. 5

    Sulzer Metco (Deutschland) GmbH, Hattersheim, Federal Republic of Germany

  6. 6

    Sulzer Metco (Deutschland) GmbH, Hattersheim, Federal Republic of Germany

  7. 7

    Sulzer Metco (Deutschland) GmbH, Hattersheim, Federal Republic of Germany

  8. 8

    Forschungsinstitut für Edelmetalle und Metallchemie, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006


The article contains sections titled:

2.1.Cleaning in Aqueous and Nonaqueous Solvents
2.1.1.Cleaning and Degreasing in Aqueous Media
2.1.2.Cleaning Agents Based on Organic Solvents
2.1.3.Cleaning Process Technology
2.2.Cleaning and Pickling with Salt Baths
2.2.1.Bath Composition and Properties
2.2.2.Descaling of Metals
2.2.3.Casting Cleaning
2.2.4.Coatings Removal
3.2.Methods of Application
3.3.Uses of Phosphate Coatings
4.Case Hardening of Ferrous Metals
4.1.Case Hardening without Chemical Reaction via Phase Boundary
4.1.1.Flame Hardening
4.1.2.Induction Hardening
4.1.3.Laser Hardening
4.1.4.Electron Beam Hardening
4.2.Thermochemical Treatment
4.2.1.Gas Carburizing of Carburized Components Methods
4.2.2.Nitriding and Nitrocarburizing of Nitrided and Nitrocarburized Components and Nitrocarburizing Methods
4.2.3.Boriding Methods
4.2.4.Other Thermochemical Processes
5.Thermal Spraying
5.1.Methods of Thermal Spraying
5.1.1.Flame Spraying
5.1.2.Electric Arc Spraying
5.1.3.Plasma Spraying
5.1.4.High-Velocity Oxy – Fuel Spraying (HVOF)
5.2.Properties of Thermally Sprayed Coatings
5.3.1.Spray Coating Materials
5.3.2.Base Materials