Standard Article

Octane Enhancers

  1. Marco Di Girolamo1,
  2. Maura Brianti1,
  3. Massimo Conte1,
  4. Mario Marchionna2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a18_037.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Di Girolamo, M., Brianti, M., Conte, M. and Marchionna, M. 2009. Octane Enhancers. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Saipem, San Donato Milanese, Italy

  2. 2

    Eni, San Donato Milanese, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Technical Information
2.1.Combustion in Otto Engines
2.2.Knock Phenomena
2.3.Octane Number
3.Types of Octane Enhancers
4.Metal-Containing Additives
4.1.Alkyl Lead Compounds
4.2.Methylcyclopentadienylmanganese Tricarbonyl
5.Ashless Octane Enhancers
5.1.Heteroatom-Based Components
5.1.1.History of Fuel Oxygenates
5.1.2.Properties of Oxygenates
5.1.3.Production
5.1.4.Toxicology
5.2.Pure Hydrocarbon Components