Standard Article

Oil Shale

  1. Hans-Jürgen Weiss1,
  2. Antonio Carlos Luz Lisboa2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a18_101.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Weiss, H.-J. and Lisboa, A. C. L. 2010. Oil Shale. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Lurgi AG, Frankfurt a. M., Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Faculdade de Engenharia Quimica, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2010

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Origin and Properties of Oil Shale
2.1.Origin, Stratification
2.2.Physical Properties
2.3.Chemical Composition
3.World Resources and Deposits
3.1.Europe
3.1.1.Western Europe
3.1.2.Eastern Europe
3.2.America
3.3.Asia
3.4.Africa
3.5.Australia and New Zealand
4.Exploitation
5.Mining Methods
5.1.Underground Mining
5.2.Aboveground Mining
6.Shale Preparation
7.Pyrolysis
7.1.Definition and Kinetics
7.2.Aboveground Retorting Processes
7.2.1.Class 1 (Indirectly Gas-Heated) Retorts
7.2.2.Class 2 (Directly Gas-Heated) Retorts
7.2.3.Class 3 (Directly Solids-Heated) Retorts
7.3.In Situ Processing of Oil Shale
8.Combustion
9.Gasification
10.Properties and Uses of the Products
11.Outlook