Standard Article

Plastics, Properties and Testing

  1. Manfred Stamm1,
  2. Bodo Carlowitz2

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a21_001

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Stamm, M. and Carlowitz, B. 2000. Plastics, Properties and Testing. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Königstein im Taunus, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.States of Order of Polymers
1.1.Glassy State and Melt
1.2.Crystalline State
1.3.Liquid Crystals
1.4.Blends and Block Copolymers
2.Properties and Testing
2.1.Mechanical Properties and Their Testing
2.1.1.Classification of Plastics Based on Mechanical Properties
2.1.2.Viscoelastic Behavior of Polymers
2.1.3.Mechanics of Deformation
2.1.4.Friction and Wear
2.1.5.Fracture Behavior
2.1.6.Control of Mechanical Properties through Orientation, Internal Stresses, and Morphology
2.1.7.Reinforced and Filled Plastics
2.2.Acoustic Properties and Their Testing
2.3.Thermal Properties and Their Testing
2.3.1.Specific Heat
2.3.2.Thermal Conductivity
2.3.3.Thermal Expansion
2.4.Electrical Properties and Their Testing
2.4.1.Insulating Properties
2.4.2.Dielectric Properties
2.4.3.Dielectric Strength
2.4.4.Electrets; Semiconducting and Conducting Polymers
2.5.Optical Properties and Their Testing
2.5.1.Refraction and Birefringence
2.5.2.Transmittance and Gloss
2.5.3.Color and Colorimetry
2.6.Density and Physical-Chemical Properties and Their Testing
2.6.1.Density
2.6.2.Liquid Absorption and Swelling; Desorption of Plasticizers
2.6.3.Permeation of Gases and Vapors
2.7.Stability Properties and Their Testing
2.7.1.Water Absorption
2.7.2.Effect of Chemicals
2.7.3.Effects of Heat, Light, and Weathering
2.7.4.Effect of High-Energy Radiation
2.7.5.Stability against Fire
2.7.6.Effect of Microorganisms
2.8.Processing Properties and Their Testing
2.8.1.Molding Compounds
2.8.2.Conventional Methods for Characterizing Flow Behavior
2.8.3.Rheology of Plastics