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Polyethylene

  1. Kenneth S. Whiteley

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a21_487.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Whiteley, K. S. 2011. Polyethylene. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. formerly ICI Plastics Division, Welwyn Garden City, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (1 AUG 2014)

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Properties of Polyethylenes
2.1.Molecular Structure and Morphology
2.2.General Properties
2.3.High Molecular Mass (Bimodal) Polyethylene (HMWPE)
2.4.Ultra High Molecular Mass Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
2.5.Properties of Ethylene Copolymers
3.Polymerization Chemistry
3.1.Free-Radical Catalysis
3.1.1.Introduction
3.1.2.Copolymerization
3.2.Coordination Catalysis
3.2.1.Phillips Catalysts
3.2.2.Ziegler Catalysts
3.2.3.Single-Site Catalysts (Metallocenes)
3.2.4.Copolymerization
4.Raw Materials
4.1.Ethylene
4.2.Comonomers
4.3.Other Materials
5.Production Processes
5.1.High-Pressure Process
5.1.1.Autoclave Reactor
5.1.2.Tubular Reactor
5.1.3.High-Pressure Copolymers
5.1.4.Linear Low-Density Polyethylene (LLDPE)
5.2.Suspension (Slurry) Process
5.2.1.Autoclave Process
5.2.2.Loop Reactor Process
5.3.Gas-Phase Process
5.4.Solution Process
6.Uses
6.1.Film
6.2.Extrusion Coating
6.3.Blow Molding
6.4.Injection Molding
6.5.Pipe
6.6.Wire and Cable Insulation
6.7.Ethylene Copolymers
6.8.Ultra High Modulus Polyethylene Fibers
6.9.Joining Polyethylene
7.Chemically Modified Polyethylenes
7.1.Cross-Linked Polyethylene
7.2.Chlorinated Polyethylene
7.3.Fluorinated Polyethylene
8.Environmental Aspects
8.1.Manufacture
8.2.Polymer Disposal and Recycling