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Poly(Vinyl Chloride)

  1. Michael W. Allsopp1,
  2. Giovanni Vianello2

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a21_717

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Allsopp, M. W. and Vianello, G. 2000. Poly(Vinyl Chloride). Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Independent PVC Technology Consultant, Heswall, Wirral, England

  2. 2

    European Vinyls Corportaion (IT), Porto Maguero, Venice, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
1.1.Morphology
1.2.Versatility
1.3.Molecular Structure
2.Physical and Chemical Properties
2.1.Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM)
2.2.Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC)
3.Resources and Raw Materials
4.Production
4.1.Suspension Polymerization of Vinyl Chloride
4.1.1.Introduction
4.1.2.Additives
4.1.3.Kinetics
4.1.4.Morphology
4.1.4.1.Control of Grain Size
4.1.4.2.Control of Porosity and Bulk Density
4.1.4.3.K-Value (Molecular Mass)
4.1.4.4.Problem Areas
4.2.Bulk or Mass Polymerization of Vinyl Chloride
4.3.Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Chloride
4.3.1.Introduction
4.3.2.Emulsion Polymerization Processes
4.3.3.Description of the Batch Process
4.3.4.Plastisols
4.3.5.Polymer - Plasticizer Interaction
4.3.6.Gelation and Fusion
4.3.7.Applications
4.4.Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride), CPVC
5.Environmental Protection
6.Quality Specifications and Analysis
7.Storage and Transportation
8.Processing and End Uses
9.Economic Aspects
10.Toxicology and Occupational Health