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Potassium and Potassium Alloys

  1. Elizabeth R. Burkhardt

Published Online: 15 DEC 2006

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a22_031.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Burkhardt, E. R. 2006. Potassium and Potassium Alloys. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. BASF Corporation, Evans City, PA 16033, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2006

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Potassium
1.1.Properties
1.2.Production
1.3.Handling and Occupational Safety
2.Potassium Alloys
2.1.Properties of NaK Alloy
2.2.Production of NaK Alloy
2.3Handling and Occupational Safety of NaK Alloy
3.Uses of Potassium and Potassium Compounds
3.1.Potassium and NaK Alloy
3.2.Potassium Hydride
3.3.Potassium Bases
3.3.1Potassium Alkoxides
3.3.2Potassium Amides
3.4.Potassium Superoxide
4.Acknowledgement

Potassium is the third element in the alkali metal group. This highly reactive metal is used to make potassium superoxide for use in self-contained breathing apparatus. Potassium in the form of alloys with sodium is used in industrial synthesis of alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons such as isobutylbenzene. Compounds of potassium derived from alcohols and amines are routinely used as bases in pharmaceutical and agricultural synthesis.