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Potassium Compounds

  1. Heinz Schultz1,
  2. Günter Bauer retired2,
  3. Erich Schachl retired3,
  4. Fritz Hagedorn4,
  5. Peter Schmittinger5

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a22_039

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Schultz, H., Bauer, G., Schachl, E., Hagedorn, F. and Schmittinger, P. 2000. Potassium Compounds. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Kali und Salz AG, Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany

  2. 2

    Kali und Salz AG, Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany

  3. 3

    Kali und Salz AG, Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany

  4. 4

    Kali und Salz AG, Kassel, Federal Republic of Germany

  5. 5

    Hüls Aktiengesellschaft, Werk Lülsdorf, Niederkassel, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
1.1.Occurrence
1.2.History
2.Potash Salt Deposits
2.1.Minerals
2.2.Geology of Potash Deposits
3.Mining of Potash Salts
3.1.Shaft Mining
3.2.Extraction, Conveying, and Haulage
3.3.Solution Mining
4.Treatment of Potash Ores
4.1.Intergrowth and Degree of Liberation
4.2.Grinding
5.Potassium Chloride
5.1.Properties
5.2.Production by Crystallization from Solution
5.2.1.Phase Theory
5.2.2.Hot Leaching Process
5.2.3.Processing of Carnallite
5.2.4.Equipment
5.3.Flotation
5.3.1.Potash Ores Suitable for Flotation
5.3.2.Carrier Solutions
5.3.3.Flotation Agents
5.3.4.Theory
5.3.5.Flotation Equipment
5.3.6.Processes
5.4.Electrostatic Separation
5.4.1.Theoretical Basis
5.4.2.Equipment and Processes
5.5.Heavy-Media Separation
5.6.Debrining and Drying
5.7.Process Measurement and Control
5.8.Waste Disposal and Environmental Aspects
5.9.Granulation
5.10.Quality Specifications
5.11.Toxicology and Occupational Health
5.12.Economic Aspects and Uses
6.Potassium Sulfate
6.1.Properties
6.2.Raw Materials
6.3.Production
6.3.1.From Potassium Chloride and Sulfuric Acid (Mannheim Process)
6.3.2.From Potassium Chloride and Magnesium Sulfate
6.3.3.From Potassium Chloride and Langbeinite
6.3.4.From Potassium Chloride and Kainite
6.3.5.From Potassium Chloride and Sodium Sulfate
6.3.6.From Potassium Chloride and Calcium Sulfate
6.3.7.From Alunite
6.3.8.From Natural Brines and Bitterns
6.4.Granulation
6.5.Quality Specifications
6.6.Toxicology and Occupational Health
6.7.Economic Aspects and Uses
7.Potash - Magnesia
8.Production of Potassium Salts from Other Raw Materials
8.1.The Dead Sea
8.2.The Great Salt Lake
8.3.Searles Lake
8.4.Other Sources
9.Storage and Transportation
10.Analysis of Potassium Compounds
11.Potassium Hydroxide
11.1.Properties
11.2.Production
11.3.Quality Specifications
11.4.Economic Aspects and Uses
12.Potassium Carbonate
12.1.Properties
12.2.Production
12.3.Quality Specifications and Analysis
12.4.Storage and Transportation
12.5.Economic Aspects and Uses
13.Potassium Hydrogencarbonate
13.1.Properties and Production