Standard Article

Printing Inks

  1. Erich Frank1,
  2. Rolf Rupp2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a22_143.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Frank, E. and Rupp, R. 2006. Printing Inks. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Flint Group Germany GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany

  2. 2

    Flint Group Germany GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2006

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.


The article contains sections titled:

2.Typographic Printing
2.1.Letterpress Printing
2.1.1.Cylinder and Flatbed Printing
2.1.2.Newspaper Letterpress Printing
2.1.3.Indirect Letterpress and Dry Offset Printing
2.2.Flexographic Printing
2.2.1.Solvent-Containing Flexographic Printing Inks
2.2.2.Water-Based Flexographic Systems
2.2.3.UV-Curing Flexographic Inks
3.Planographic (Flatbed) Printing - Offset Printing
3.1.Sheet-Fed Offset Printing
3.1.1.Sheet-Fed Metal Decoration Printing
3.1.2.UV-Curing Offset Inks
3.2.Heatset Web Offset Printing
3.3.Newspaper Offset Printing
3.4.Fountain Solutions
4.Gravure Printing
4.1.1.Publication Gravure
4.1.2.Packaging Gravure
4.1.3.Special Gravure Inks
4.2.Intaglio (Steel-Plate Gravure)
5.Screen Printing
6.Multicolor Printing
7.Properties and Testing of Printing Inks
7.1.Fastness Properties
8.1.Inorganic Pigments
8.2.Organic Pigments
8.3.Fillers and Extenders
9.Economic Aspects

Printing inks for the graphics industry are preparations that are transferred to a substrate by means of a printing form. Printing can be either informative, as in texts, or decorative, as with ornaments or pictorial representations.

Typographic printing includes the letterpress printing involving raised, hard printing elements and a paste printing ink, and flexographic printing with liquid, quickly drying inks. The offset printing is based on the mutual repulsion between water and fatty printing inks and allows even relatively rough materials to be printed. Other printing processes including gravure printing, screen printing, multicolor printing are described in detail.

Pigments in the printing ink industry must fulfill several requirements concerning dispersibility, rheological properties, and transparency. The article gives a list of inorganic and organic pigments, as well as additives that are used in the printing ink technology. A survey of toxicity and economic aspects is also given.