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Radiation Chemistry

  1. Xavier Allonas1,
  2. Céline Croutxé-Barghorn1,
  3. Klaus W. Bögl2,
  4. Norbert Helle2,
  5. Georg A. Schreiber2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a22_471.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Allonas, X., Croutxé-Barghorn, C., Bögl, K. W., Helle, N. and Schreiber, G. A. 2012. Radiation Chemistry. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Haute Alsace, Laboratory of Macromolecular Photochemistry and Engineering, Mulhouse, France

  2. 2

    Bundesgesundhitsamt, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2012

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Radiation-Induced Polymerization
1.1.Introduction
1.2.Mechanisms
1.2.1.Initiation Processes
1.2.2.Free-Radical Polymerization
1.2.3.Cationic Polymerization
1.2.4.Characterization Methods
1.3.UV and Visible-Light Curing
1.3.1.Photoinitiators
1.3.2.Monomers and Oligomers
1.3.3.Additives
1.3.4.Typical Formulations
1.3.5.Equipment
1.3.6.Applications
1.3.7.Health, Safety, and Environment
1.4.High-Energy-Particle-Induced Photopolymerization
1.4.1.Equipment and Definitions
1.4.2.Electron-Beam Processes
1.4.3.Health, Safety, and Environment
1.5.Conclusion and Outlook
2.Irradiation of Foods and Feeds
2.1.Introduction
2.2.Capabilities of Food and Feed Irradiation
2.2.1.Prolongation of Shelf Life
2.2.2.Quarantine Measures
2.2.3.Control of Pathogenic Organisms
2.3.History
2.4.Effects of Food Irradiation
2.4.1.Induced Radioactivity
2.4.2.Chemical and Sensory Changes
2.4.3.Changes in Nutritive Value
2.4.4.Effects on Microorganisms
2.4.5.Toxicological Consequences
2.5.Regulations on the Irradiation of Foods and Feeds
2.5.1.The European Community
2.5.2.Federal Republic of Germany
2.5.3.Other Countries
2.5.4.International Organizations
2.5.5.Consumers
2.6.Industrial Irradiation of Foods and Feeds
2.6.1.Irradiation Plants
2.6.2.Costs
2.6.3.Present Level of Use
2.7.Inspection of Irradiated Foods