Standard Article

Solvents

  1. Dieter Stoye

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a24_437

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Stoye, D. 2000. Solvents. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Hüls Aktiengesellschaft, Marl, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Definitions
2.Physicochemical Principles
2.1.Theory of Solutions
2.2.Dipole Moment, Polarity, and Polarizability
2.3.Hydrogen Bond Parameters
2.4.Solvation
2.5.Solvents, Latent Solvents, and Non-Solvents
2.6.Dilution Ratio and Dilutability
2.7.Influence of Molecular Mass on Solubility
2.8.Dissolution and Solution Properties
3.Physical and Chemical Properties
3.1.Evaporation and Vaporization
3.2.Hygroscopicity
3.3.Density and Refractive Index
3.4.Viscosity and Surface Tension
3.5.Vapor Density
3.6.Thermal and Electrical Data
3.7.Flash Point, Ignition Temperature, and Ignition Limits
3.8.Heats of Combustion and Calorific Values
3.9.Chemical Properties
4.Toxicology and Occupational Health
4.1.Toxicology
4.2.Occupational Health
5.Environmental and Legal Aspects
5.1.Environmental Protection
5.2.Laws Concerning Dangerous Substances
5.3.Fire Hazard
5.4.Waste
6.Purification and Analysis
7.Uses
7.1.Solvents in Paints
7.2.Solvents in Paint Removers
7.3.Solvents in Printing Inks
7.4.Extraction
7.5.Extractive Distillation
7.6.Chromatography
7.7.Solvents for Chemical Reactions
7.8.Solvents for Recrystallization
7.9.Solvents in Film Production
7.10.Solvents for Synthetic Fibers
7.11.Solvents for Rubber, Plastics, and Resin Solutions
7.12.Solvents for Degreasing
7.13.Solvents for Dry Cleaning
7.14.Solvents in Aerosol Cans and Dispensers
8.Economic Aspects
9.Solvent Groups
9.1.Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
9.2.Cycloaliphatic Hydrocarbons
9.3.Terpene Hydrocarbons and Terpenoids
9.4.Aromatic Hydrocarbons
9.5.Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
9.6.Alcohols
9.7.Ketones
9.8.Esters
9.9.Ethers
9.10.Glycol Ethers
9.11.Miscellaneous Solvents