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Steel, 1. Introduction and History

  1. Dieter Schauwinhold1,
  2. Manfred Toncourt2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a25_063.pub4

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Schauwinhold, D. and Toncourt, M. 2011. Steel, 1. Introduction and History. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Düsseldorf, Germany

  2. 2

    VDEh, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.History
2.1.From Prehistoric Times to the Middle Ages
2.1.1.Native Iron
2.1.2.Iron from Ores
2.1.3.Technology of Iron Production
2.2.From the Middle Ages to the 1800s
2.2.1.Bloomery Furnaces
2.2.2.Blast Furnaces
2.2.3.Metal Shaping
2.3.The Industrial Age
2.3.1.Pig Iron Production
2.3.2.Steel Production
2.3.2.1.Crucible Steel
2.3.2.2.Puddled Steel
2.3.2.3.Ingot Steel
2.3.3.Rolled Steel Production
2.3.3.1.Puddled Steel and Steam Power
2.3.3.2.Ingot Steel and Mass Production