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Sulfuric Acid and Sulfur Trioxide

  1. Hermann Müller

Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a25_635

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Müller, H. 2000. Sulfuric Acid and Sulfur Trioxide. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Lurgi Metallurgie GmbH, Frankfurt/Main, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2000

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Properties
2.1.Physical Properties
2.2.Chemical Properties
3.Development of the Sulfuric Acid Industry
3.1.Early Development
3.2.Further Development of the Nitrogen Oxide Process
3.3.Ascendency of the Contact Process
3.4.Raw Materials Usage
4.Production
4.1.Production by Contact Processes
4.1.1.Reaction Kinetics and Thermodynamics
4.1.2.Catalysts
4.1.3.Process Summary
4.1.3.1.Gas Drying
4.1.3.2.Catalytic Oxidation of Sulfur Dioxide
4.1.3.3.Absorption of Sulfur Trioxide
4.1.3.4.Acid Cooling
4.1.4.Practical Versions of the Contact Process
4.1.4.1.Double-Absorption Process Based on Sulfur Combustion
4.1.4.2.Double-Absorption Processes Based on Metallurgical Gases
4.1.4.3.Ordinary Single-Absorption Processes
4.1.4.4.Wet-Catalysis Processes
4.1.5.Tail-Gas Treatment
4.1.6.Economic Factors
4.2.Production by Nitrogen Oxide Processes
4.3.Regeneration of Spent Sulfuric Acid
4.3.1.Introduction
4.3.2.Reconcentration to 70 - 75 % H2SO4
4.3.3.Concentration to 93 - 98 % H2SO4
4.4.Production of Oleum
5.Construction Materials
5.1.Metallic Materials
5.2.Nonmetallic Materials
6.Uses of Sulfuric Acid and Economic Aspects
6.1.Indirect Uses
6.2.Direct Uses
6.3.Economic Aspects
7.Analytical Techniques
7.1.Concentration Measurement
7.2.Measurement of Impurities
7.3.Analysis of Acid-Plant Gas Streams
8.Sulfur Trioxide
8.1.Properties
8.2.Manufacture
8.3.Handling and Uses
9.Toxicology
9.1.Sulfuric Acid
9.2.Sulfur Trioxide
10.Acknowledgement