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Surgical Materials

  1. John A. Hunt1,
  2. Rui Chen1,
  3. David Williams1,
  4. Yves Bayon2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a26_001.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Hunt, J. A., Chen, R., Williams, D. and Bayon, Y. 2012. Surgical Materials. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Clinical Engineering (UKCTE), The Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

  2. 2

    Surgical Solutions, Covidien-Sofradim Production, Trevoux, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2012

Abstract

This article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Surgical Applications of Materials
2.1.General Principles
2.2.Orthopedic Surgery
2.2.1.Bone and Joint Replacement
2.2.2.Ligament Augmentation and Repair
2.2.3.Fracture Fixation
2.3.Maxillofacial Surgery
2.3.1.Dental Implants
2.3.2.Maxillofacial and Orthognathic Surgery
2.4.Cardiovascular Surgery
2.4.1.Heart Valves
2.4.2.Vascular Prostheses
2.4.3.Cardiac Pacemakers
2.4.4.Extracorporeal Circuits
2.5.Ophthalmology
2.5.1.Corneal Replacement
2.5.2.Intraocular Lenses
2.5.3.Contact Lenses
2.5.4.Vitreoretinal Surgery
2.6.Neurosurgery
2.6.1.Nerve Repair and Regeneration
2.6.2.Neuromodulation: Nerve Stimulators
2.6.3.Treatment of Hearing Loss
2.7.General Surgery
2.7.1.Wound Closure and Artificial Skin
2.7.2.Soft Tissue Reconstruction: Plastic Surgery
2.7.3.Soft Tissue Repair: Hernia and Pelvic Floor Repair
2.7.4.Surgery of the Urinary Tract
2.8.Artificial Organs
3.Criteria for Materials Selection
3.1.Mechanical and Physical Properties
3.1.1.Mechanical Performance
3.1.2.Electrical and Optical Properties
3.2.Manufacturing and Sterilization
3.2.1.Constraints on Fabrication
3.2.2.Market Analyses
3.2.3.Legal and Regulatory Constraints
3.2.4.Sterilization Techniques
3.3.Biocompatibility
3.3.1.General Principles
3.3.2.Corrosion and Degradation
3.3.3.Soft Tissue Biocompatibility
3.3.4.Hard Tissue Biocompatibility
3.3.5.Blood Compatibility
3.3.6.Systemic Biocompatibility
3.3.7.Genotoxicity and Carcinogenicity
3.3.8.Bioactivity
4.Materials
4.1.Metals and Alloys
4.2.Ceramics and Glasses
4.3.Polymers
4.4.Carbon
4.5.Composites
4.6.Surface Modifications and Coatings