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Wood, Preservation

  1. Ernst-Heinrich Pommer (retired)1,
  2. Thomas Jaetsch2

Published Online: 15 APR 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.a28_357.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Pommer, E.-H. and Jaetsch, T. 2007. Wood, Preservation. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Limburgerhof, Germany

  2. 2

    Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Business Unit Material Protection Products, Krefeld, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2007

Chemistry Terms

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Wood Preservatives
2.1.Creosotes and Tar-Oil-Containing Products
2.2.Waterborne Wood Preservatives
2.2.1.CCA and Variations
2.2.2.Copper-Based (Chromium- and Arsenic-Free) Wood Preservatives
2.2.3.Boron Compounds
2.2.4.Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats)
2.2.5.Phenol Derivatives
2.3.Solventborne Wood Preservatives
2.3.1.Pentachlorophenol
2.3.2.Tributyltin Compounds
2.3.3.Metal Naphthenates
2.3.4.Oxine Copper
2.4.Organic Active Substances for Wood Preservatives
2.4.1.Fungicides
2.4.1.1.Triazole Derivatives
2.4.1.2.Polychlorinated Aromatic Compounds
2.4.1.3.Isothiazolones
2.4.1.4.Phenylsulfamides
2.4.1.5.Iodine Containing Compounds
2.4.1.6.Thiocyanates
2.4.2.Insecticides
2.4.2.1.Synthetic Pyrethroids
2.4.2.2.Neonicitonoids
2.4.2.3.Insect Growth Regulators (IGR)
2.4.2.4.Phosphate Esters
2.5.Wood Preservatives for Special Applications
2.6.Flame Retardants
3.Uses of Wood Preservatives
4.Methods for Testing Wood Preservatives
5.Approval of Wood Preservatives
6.Analysis
7.Processes for Applying Wood Preservatives
7.1.Overview
7.2.Processes Using High or Low Pressure
7.2.1.Pressure Process
7.2.2.Low-Pressure Processes
7.2.2.1.Low-Pressure Processes for Dry Wood
7.2.2.2.Low-Pressure Process for Green Wood (Sap Replacement Process)
7.3.Pressure-Free Processes
7.3.1.Long-Term Processes
7.3.2.Short-Term Processes
7.4.Preservation of Wood-Based Materials
7.4.1.Treatment with Preservatives during Production
7.4.2.Treatment with Preservatives after Production
7.5.Special Processes
8.Environmental Aspects
8.1.Health Aspects
8.2.Soil, Water, and Air
8.3.Disposal of Treated Wood

Featured Compounds

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Compound 1
Molecular Weight:200.2773
Molecular Formula:C6H13KN2O3
InChIKey:PQEGIBUIQZLGMN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
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Compound 2
Molecular Weight:349.873
Molecular Formula:C12H22CuN4O4
InChIKey:BXTSRHKBFMGKFB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound

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