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Estimation of Physical Properties

  1. Ulfert Onken1,
  2. Kai Fischer2,
  3. Jürgen Rarey3,
  4. Michael Kleiber4

Published Online: 15 JAN 2008

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b01_06.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Onken, U., Fischer, K., Rarey, J. and Kleiber, M. 2008. Estimation of Physical Properties. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Fachbereich Bio-und Chemieingenieurwesen, Universität Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany

  2. 2

    Thermodynamic Property Standard, Inc. (TPSI), Galveston, Texas, USA

  3. 3

    Fachbereich Technische Chemie, Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

  4. 4

    Uhde GmbH, Bad Soden, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2008

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
1.1.Scope
1.2.Data Sources
1.3.Theoretical and Empirical Methods
2.Molecular and Macroscopic Properties
2.1.Intermolecular Forces
2.2.Theorem of Corresponding States
2.3.Estimation of Critical Properties
2.4.Other Characteristic Constants of Pure Compounds
3.Thermal and Caloric Properties of Single-Phase Systems
3.1.Pressure–Volume–Temperature Behavior of Gases and Liquids
3.1.1.Pure Gases
3.1.2.Pure Liquids
3.1.3.Mixtures
3.1.3.1.Gas Mixtures
3.1.3.2.Liquid Mixtures
3.2.Caloric Properties
3.2.1.Heat Capacity of Ideal Gases
3.2.2.Heat Capacity of Pure Liquids
3.2.3.Heat Capacity of Liquid Mixtures
4.Phase Equilibria
4.1.Pure Compounds
4.1.1.Vapor Pressure, Boiling Point, and Melting Point
4.1.2.Enthalpy of Vaporization
4.2.Mixtures
4.2.1.Vapor–Liquid Equilibria with Liquid-Phase Activity Coefficients
4.2.1.1.Basic Considerations
4.2.1.2.Data Correlation: Binary and Multicomponent Mixtures of Nonelectrolytes
4.2.1.3.Prediction of Equilibrium Data
4.2.2.Vapor–Liquid and Gas–Liquid Equilibria with Equations of State
4.2.2.1.Basic Considerations
4.2.2.2.Data Correlation
4.2.2.3.Prediction of Vapor-Liquid and Gas-Liquid Equilibria
4.2.3.Liquid–Liquid Equilibria
4.2.4.Solid–Liquid Equilibria
5.Thermodynamic Data of Chemical Reactions
5.1.Definitions
5.1.1.Enthalpy of Reaction
5.1.2.Gibbs Energy of Reaction and Chemical Equilibrium
5.2.Group Contribution Methods for the Estimation of Enthalpy and Gibbs Energy of Formation
5.3.Applications
5.3.1.Enthalpy of Reaction
5.3.2.Chemical Equilibrium
6.Transport Properties of Pure Compounds and Mixtures
6.1.Viscosity
6.1.1.Viscosity of Pure Gases
6.1.2.Viscosity of Gas Mixtures
6.1.3.Viscosity of Pure Liquids
6.1.4.Viscosity of Liquid Mixtures
6.2.Thermal Conductivity
6.2.1.Thermal Conductivity of Gases at Low Pressure
6.2.2.Thermal Conductivity of Gases at High Pressure
6.2.3.Thermal Conductivity of Gas Mixtures
6.2.4.Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
6.2.5.Thermal Conductivity of Liquid Mixtures
6.3.Diffusion Coefficients
6.3.1.Diffusion Coefficients of Gases at Low and Moderate Pressures
6.3.2.Diffusion Coefficients of Liquids
7.Surface Tension of Liquids
7.1.Surface Tension of Pure Liquids
7.2.Surface Tension of Liquid Mixtures