Standard Article

Patents

  1. Christian Lang

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b01_13.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Lang, C. 2005. Patents. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. LangRaible IP Law Firm, München, Federal Republic of Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (28 JUL 2017)

Abstract

This article provides an overview on patents and protective rights in general. First of all information is given which protective rights exist and what can be protected by these rights. Afterwards, general principles of patent law are presented which are common to many national patent laws and international treaties regarding industrial property throughout the world. A main focus of this presentation is directed to the description of the proceedings according to the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and the European Patent Convention. Furthermore, the particularities of US patent law are considered.

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.Industrial Property and Types of Protective Rights
2.1.Technical Protective Rights (Patents, Utility Models)
2.2.Trademarks
2.3.Design Patents/Industrial Designs
2.4.Copyright
2.5.Others
3.Basic Principles of Patents
3.1.Invention
3.2.Exclusive Privilege
3.3.Principle of Territoriality
3.4.Period of Protection
3.5.Ways of Establishing Patents
3.6.Priority
3.7.Novelty
3.8.Inventive Step/Nonobviousness
3.9.Industrial Application
4.System of International Treaties
4.1.Paris Convention
4.2.Patent Cooperation Treaty
4.3.Regional Treaties
5.Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
5.1.Application
5.2.Search
5.3.Preliminary Examination
5.4.Entry into National/Regional Phase
6.European Patent Convention
6.1.Member States
6.2.Application Proceedings
6.2.1.Application
6.2.2.Examination Procedure
6.3.Opposition Proceedings
6.4.Appeal
7.U.S. Patents
8.Other National Law