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Combustion

  1. Maximilian Lackner

Published Online: 15 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b03_14.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Lackner, M. 2011. Combustion. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Wien, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction
2.History of combustion
3.Combustion fundamentals
3.1.Combustion chemistry of gases
3.2.Combustion chemistry of liquids
3.3.Combustion chemistry of solids
3.4.Other fundamental terms in combustion
4.Combustion products and pollutants
5.Fuels
5.1.Characterization of fuels
5.1.1.Solid fuel characterization
5.1.2.Liquid fuel characterization
5.1.3.Gaseous fuel characterization
5.2.Solid fuels
5.2.1.Wood
5.2.2.Coal
5.2.3.Peat
5.2.4.Coke
5.2.5.Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
5.3.Liquid fuels
5.3.1.Gasoline (petrol)
5.3.2.Diesel
5.3.3.Kerosene
5.3.4.Fuel oil
5.3.5.Synthetic fuels
5.3.6.Methanol
5.3.7.Ethanol
5.3.8.Butanol
5.4.Gaseous fuels
5.4.1.Natural gas
5.4.2.Hydrogen
5.4.3.Propane
5.4.4.Butane
5.4.5.Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
5.4.6.Acetylene
5.4.7.Gasification products
5.5.Biofuels
5.5.1.Biodiesel
5.5.2.Biogas
5.5.3.Biomass
5.6.Transportation fuels
6.Energy conversion by combustion
7.Combustion processes and combustors
7.1.Types of combustors
7.2.Components
7.2.1.Burners
7.2.2.Ignition system
7.2.3.Furnace
7.2.4.Insulation
7.2.5.Ash handling system
7.2.6.Flue gas stack
7.3.Solid fuel combustion systems
7.3.1.Pulverized coal (PC) combustion systems
7.3.2.Fluidized bed combustion (FBC)
7.3.3.Gasification
7.3.4.Waste-to-Energy (WtE)
7.4.Liquid fuel combustion systems
7.5.Gaseous fuel combustion systems
7.5.1.Gas engine
7.5.2.Gas turbine
8.Power generation - Thermal power plants
8.1.Pulverized coal (PC) power plant
8.2.Cofiring
8.3.Cogeneration (Combined heat and power, CHP)
8.4.Trigeneration
8.5.Combined cycle
8.6.Centralized vs. distributed power generation
8.7.Boilers (Heaters)
9.Corrosion and fouling
10.Energy storage
11.Energy transportation and distribution
12.Special industries using combustion
13.Combustion diagnostics and control
13.1.Combustion diagnostics
13.2.Advanced combustion control
14.Safety
14.1.Safe combustion
14.2.Fire prevention
14.3.Explosion and dust explosion prevention
15.Sustainable combustion – climate change mitigation
16.Combustion synthesis
17.Key challenges and new developments in combustion