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Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

  1. Stephen B. Warrington1,
  2. Günther W. H. Höhne2

Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b06_001.pub2

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Warrington, S. B. and Höhne, G. W. H. 2007. Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Anasys, IPTME, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom

  2. 2

    Polymer Technology (SKT), Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 APR 2008)

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Thermal Analysis
1.1.General Introduction
1.1.1.Definitions
1.1.2.Sources of Information
1.2.Thermogravimetry
1.2.1.Introduction
1.2.2.Instrumentation
1.2.3.Factors Affecting a TG Curve
1.2.4.Applications
1.3.Differential Thermal Analysis and Differential Scanning Calorimetry
1.3.1.Introduction
1.3.2.Instrumentation
1.3.3.Applications
1.3.4.Modulated-Temperature DSC (MT-DSC)
1.4.Simultaneous Techniques
1.4.1.Introduction
1.4.2.Applications
1.5.Evolved Gas Analysis
1.6.Mechanical Methods
1.7.Less Common Techniques
2.Calorimetry
2.1.Introduction
2.2.Methods of Calorimetry
2.2.1.Compensation for Thermal Effects
2.2.2.Measurement of a Temperature Difference
2.2.3.Temperature Modulation
2.3.Calorimeters
2.3.1.Static Calorimeters
2.3.1.1.Isothermal Calorimeters
2.3.1.2.Isoperibolic Calorimeters
2.3.1.3.Adiabatic Calorimeters
2.3.2.Scanning Calorimeters
2.3.2.1.Differential-Temperature Scanning Calorimeters
2.3.2.2.Power-Compensated Scanning Calorimeters
2.3.2.3.Temperature-Modulated Scanning Calorimeters
2.3.3.Chip-Calorimeters
2.4.Applications of Calorimetry
2.4.1.Determination of Thermodynamic Functions
2.4.2.Determination of Heats of Mixing
2.4.3.Combustion Calorimetry
2.4.4.Reaction Calorimetry
2.4.5.Safety Studies

In Chapter 2 the basics of calorimetry are presented. After the introduction of static and dynamic methods to measure heats or heat flow rates, different types of calorimeters are described, both of classical and of modern design. A section on applications of calorimetry in science and technology follows, where some essential fields such as determination of thermodynamic functions and safety studies are presented in more detail.