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Air, 1. Emissions and Atmosphere

  1. John Wolf1,
  2. Gerhard Manier2

Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b07_403.pub3

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Wolf, J. and Manier, G. 2011. Air, 1. Emissions and Atmosphere. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Kommission Reinhaltung der Luft im VDI und DIN, Düsseldorf, Germany

  2. 2

    Institut für Meteorologie der Technischen Hochschule, Darmstadt, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Introduction: Emissions due to the Chemical Industry
1.1.Greenhouse Gases
1.2.Nitrogen and Sulfur Oxides
1.3.Volatile Organic Compounds
1.4.Emission Inventories
2.Physics and Chemistry of the Atmosphere
2.1.Chemistry of the Atmosphere
2.1.1.Formation of the Primeval Atmosphere
2.1.2.Formation of the Present Atmosphere
2.1.3.Composition of the Present Atmosphere
2.1.4.Trace Gas Cycles
2.1.5.The Aerosol
2.2.Energetics of the Atmosphere
2.2.1.Solar Radiation
2.2.2.Infrared Radiation
2.2.3.Radiation Equilibrium
2.2.4.Energy Balance
2.3.Dynamics of the Atmosphere
2.3.1.Forces
2.3.2.Motions
2.3.3.Stability
2.4.Air-Pollution Control
2.4.1.Methods of Calculating the Dispersion of Pollution
2.4.1.1.Empirical Formulas
2.4.1.2.Gauss Formulas
2.4.1.3.Diffusion Equation
2.4.1.4.Stationary Solution of the Diffusion Equation
2.4.1.5.Particle Models
2.4.2.Use of the Diffusion Calculation
2.4.3.Environmental Compatibility and Simulation of the Environment