Standard Article

Biorefineries – Industrial Processes and Products

  1. Birgit Kamm1,
  2. Patrick R. Gruber2,
  3. Michael Kamm3

Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.l04_l01

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Kamm, B., Gruber, P. R. and Kamm, M. 2007. Biorefineries – Industrial Processes and Products. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Research Institute Bioactive Polymer Systems (biopos e.V.), Teltow, Germany

  2. 2

    Outlast Technologies Incorporated, Boulder, Colorado, USA

  3. 3 GmbH, Potsdam, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

Chemistry Terms

Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (28 JAN 2016)


The article contains sections titled:

2.Historical Outline
2.1Historical Technological Outline and Industrial Resources
2.2The Beginning – A Digest
2.2.1Sugar Production
2.2.2Starch Hydrolysis
2.2.3Wood Saccharification
2.2.5Cellulose and Pulp
2.2.6Levulinic Acid
2.2.8Vanillin from Lignin
2.2.9Lactic Acid
2.3The Origins of Integrated Biobased Production
3.1Some Current Aspects of Biorefinery Research and Development
3.2Raw Material Biomass
3.3National Vision and Goals and Plan for Biomass Technology in the United States
3.4Vision and Goals and Plan for Biomass Technology in the European Union and Germany
4Principles of Biorefineries
4.2Definition of the Term “Biorefinery”
4.3The Role of Biotechnology
4.3.1Guidelines of Fermentation Section within Glucose-product Family Tree
4.4Building Blocks, Chemicals and Potential Screening
5Biorefinery Systems and Design
5.2Lignocellulosic Feedstock Biorefinery
5.3Whole-crop Biorefinery
5.4Green Biorefinery
5.5Two-platform Concept and Syngas
6Biorefinery Economy
7Outlook and Perspectives