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Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composites

  1. Klaus Drechsler5,
  2. Michael Heine3,
  3. Peter Mitschang6,
  4. Walter Baur1,
  5. Udo Gruber2,
  6. Ludger Fischer3,
  7. Oswin Öttinger3,
  8. Bernhard Heidenreich4,
  9. Nicole Lützenburger4,
  10. Heinz Voggenreiter4

Published Online: 15 JAN 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14356007.m05_m02

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry

How to Cite

Drechsler, K., Heine, M., Mitschang, P., Baur, W., Gruber, U., Fischer, L., Öttinger, O., Heidenreich, B., Lützenburger, N. and Voggenreiter, H. 2009. Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composites. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Applied Sciences, Würzburg-Schweinfurt, Germany

  2. 2

    former SGL Carbon, Neusaess, Germany

  3. 3

    SGL Carbon GmbH, Meitingen, Germany

  4. 4

    DLR Stuttgart, Germany

  5. 5

    Institut für Flugzeugbau (IFB), Uni Stuttgart, Germany

  6. 6

    Institut für Verbundwerkstoffe GmbH (IVW), TU Kaiserslautern, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2009

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Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

1.Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers
1.1.Raw Materials
1.2.Manufacturing Technologies
1.3.Design and Simulation
1.4.Mechanical Properties
1.5.Applications
1.6.Economic Aspects
2.Carbon Fiber Reinforced Carbon
2.1.Introduction
2.1.1.History
2.1.2.Definition, Nomenclature
2.2.Raw Materials
2.2.1.Carbon Fibers and Textile Fiber Precursors
2.2.2.Matrix Resins
2.2.3.Additives
2.2.4.Pitch
2.2.5.Pyrocarbon
2.3.Manufacturing Processes
2.3.1.Pressing, Manual Layup
2.3.2.Winding
2.3.3.Autoclave Technology
2.3.4.Joining
2.3.5.Densification
2.3.5.1.Liquid Impregnation
2.3.5.2.Gas Phase Deposition (CVI, CVD)
2.3.6.Graphitization
2.4.Structure and Properties
2.4.1.Fiber–Matrix Binding, Structure, Crack Structure
2.4.2.Material Properties
2.4.2.1.Mechanical Properties
2.4.2.2.Thermophysical Properties
2.4.2.3.Tribological Properties
2.4.3.Chemical Properties
2.4.3.1.Chemical Corrosion
2.4.3.2.Oxidation and Oxidation Protection
2.5.Component Design and Numerical Methods
2.5.1.Problems Specific to CFC
2.5.2.Characteristic Material Parameters
2.5.3.Design Procedure
2.5.4.Experimental Studies and Component Tests
2.6.Applications
2.7.Outlook
3.Carbon Fiber Reinforced Ceramics
3.1.Introduction
3.2.Manufacture
3.2.1.Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI)
3.2.2.Liquid Polymer Infiltration (LPI)
3.2.3.Liquid Silicon Infiltration (LSI)
3.3.Properties
3.4.Applications
3.4.1.Space Applications
3.4.2.Aeronautics
3.4.3.Friction Systems
3.4.4.Low-Expansion Structures
3.4.5.Lightweight Armor
3.4.6.Other Applications